The NDIS talks about whether supports are ‘reasonable and necessary’. In order to be considered reasonable and necessary, a support must:

  • be related to the participant’s disability
  • not include day-to-day living costs that are not related to a participant’s disability support needs
  • represent value for money
  • be likely to be effective and beneficial to the participant, and
  • take into account informal supports given to participants by families, carers, networks, and the community.

What types of supports are funded?

The types of supports that the NDIS may fund for participants include supports for:

  • daily personal activities
  • transport to enable participation in community, social, economic and daily life activities
  • workplace help to allow a participant to successfully get or keep employment in the open or supported labour market
  • therapeutic supports including behaviour support
  • help with household tasks to allow the participant to maintain their home environment
  • help by skilled personnel in aids or equipment assessment, set up and training
  • home modification design and construction
  • mobility equipment, and vehicle modifications.

There are some kinds of supports that will not be funded or provided by the NDIS

Under the NDIS Act, a support will not be funded if it:

  • is not related to the participant’s disability
  • is the same as other supports delivered under different funding through the NDIS
  • relates to day-to-day living costs that are not related to a participant’s support needs (for instance, gas and electricity, food and clothing)
  • is likely to cause harm to the participant or pose a risk to others.

The NDIS will not fund services which are already funded by other systems, such as the Department of Education and the Department of Health. As an example the NDIS will not fund for an integration aide in a school, as that is the responsibility of the education system, and the NDIS will not fund doctors, as that is the responsibility of the health system.

All NDIS supports are for one of three Support Purposes (NDIS terminology) – Core Capital and Capacity Building, which are defined as

CORE – supports for activities of daily living

CAPITAL – Funding for capital costs, such as equipment, home or vehicle modifications, assistive technology, or Specialist Disability Accommodation. Require a quote. Funding will include costs for assessment, delivery, set up, adjustment and maintenance if needed.

CAPACITY BUILDING – Supports to build independence and skills

Each of the 3 Support Purpose is broken down into 8 Outcome Domains and 15 Support Categories

The Outcome Domains can help participants think about goals in different life areas, and will be used by the NDIS to measure progress.

This NDIA Price Guide is arranged into 15 categories that align to the Support Categories. There are many supports and services (‘line items’) within each Support Category that can be funded by the NDIS.

core capital

This is a key document. The NDIA will relate everything that they fund to back to the Support Categories and Outcome Domains in this document. It would be beneficial if you become familiar with this document and can frame your child’s goals in terms of these categories.